After Ephesus Teaching on God's Transcendent Nature Grid – Oct. 2017 version

GOD’S NATURE

 

Legend for Cells

G1. There is only One True God    Mk 12:29; Jms 2:19

G11. Majesty/glory of God Ps 19:1; Zech2:5; Jn2:14;17:5

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

G2. God is almighty/omnipotent Lk1:37;Rv1:8;Jr32:17

G12. God is a Jealous God Ex 20:5; Dt 6:15; Josh 24:19

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

G3. God loves us and/or is kind Ps 145:13,17; 1 Jn 3:1

G13. God is uncreated. (Implied) Gen 1:1; Jn 1:1,3; Tt 1:2

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

G4. God is holy, good, or pure 1 Pet1:17;2:23; Hab1:13

G14. God is Light. Jn 1:4-9; 8:12; 2 Cor 4:6; 1 Jn 1:5

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

G5. God does not speak lies/is Truth.Hb6:18;Nm 23:19

G15. The God of Jesus/Christ Eph1:3,17;1Pet1:3;Heb1:9

P = partial -i.e. G7:Mt 28:19 has 1 name

G6. God is a Father Mt 6:9; Mk14:36; Lk10:22-23; Jn15:26

G16. Most High God Ps 91:1; Dan 3:26; Mk 5:7; Lk 1:32,35

- = no reference found

G7. Mention of the Trinity: 1 God in 3 (partial) Mt 28:19

G17. The Godhead Acts 17:29; Rom 1:20; Col 2:9

X = Disagree

G8. God knows all / even the secret things Ps 139:16

G18. The Living God  Dt 5:26; Ps 42:2; Hos 1:10; Mt 16:26

blank = not researched yet

G9. God is everywhere  Ps 139:7-10

G19. God is invisible Col 1:15; 1 Tim 1:17

 

G10. God does not change Jms 1:17; Mal 3:6

G20. God is inscrutable/unsearchable. Jb5:9;Rm11:33

Writer totals include W’s & I’s but not P’s

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, red=Christians persecuted, purple=Catholics persecute, brown=other Christians persecute

Christian writer, heretic, or Bible manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

G1

G2

G3

G4

G5

G6

G7

G8

G9

G10

G11

G12

G13

G14

G15

G16

G17

G18

G19

G20

Council of Ephesus (200 bishops) against Pelagius & all who were not against Nestorius

20

Jun-Sep 431

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

Philip of Side, Pamphylia (historian)

 

405-after 431

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celestine of Rome to the Council of Ephesus

1 ¾

431-432

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

The Didascalia (refers to Nestorians)

70

after 432

W

W

W

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

W

W

 

 

 

W

W

W

 

 

Paul of Emesa

 

after 432

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philostorgius, extreme Arian historian

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vincent of Lerins A Commonitory

26

c.434

-

W

-

-

-

W

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isidore of Pelusium (2,000 extant letters)

 

c.435

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acacius of Beroea

 

c.430-c.436

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Socrates of Constantin. Ecclesiastical History

178

c.400-439

W

W

 

 

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Council of Orange (17 bishops)

 

Nov 8, 441

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syriac Peshitta (Mt-1 Pet)

442-

W

W

W

W

W

W

P

-

-

W

W

-

I

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

Synod of Arles

 

443

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyril of Alexandria

 

444

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arsenius of Anachoreta

 

445

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Ancyra

 

445

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proclus of Constantinople

 

446

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sechnall of Ireland. Hymn to St. Patrick

 

439-447/448

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persian king Yazdegerd II persecutes Christians

448

Massacres Christians in Kirkuk, modern-day Iraq

Valerian of Cimiez (for Hilary of A. vs. Leo I)

 

442-449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2nd Council of Ephesus (Robbers' Council)

 

449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flavian of Constantinople

 

449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Armenian Synod of Artisat

 

449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eucherius of Lyons (friend of John Cassian)

 

c.434-ca.449

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Persians attack Armenians and Georgians

449

Armenians and Georgians revolt after Yazdirg II tries to impose Zoroastrianism.

Peter Chrysologus of Ravenna, Italy (vol.3 only)

179

c.433-c.450

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

Salvian the presbyter from Marseilles On the Government of God

 

440-450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Possidus of Calama

 

450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Victor of Antioch

 

425-450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marius Mercator (Latin)

 

450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agroecius bishop of Sen, Gaul

 

c.450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p14 1 Cor 10:3; p93 Jn 13

450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p127 Acts 10:32-35,40-45;11:2-5;11:30-12:3,5,7-9;15:29-30,34-41;16:1-4, 3-40,17:1-10

450

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexandrinus (Mt 25:7-Rev with gaps in Jn,Rm,2Cor)

c.450

W

W

W

W

W

W

P

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

Ephraemi Rescriptus (C) (=04)

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bezae Cantabrigiensis (D) (Gospels & Acts)

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Q

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Curetonian Old Syriac (Mt, etc.)

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

048, 062, 068, 069, 0163, 0165, 0172, 0175, 0182

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0201, 0216, 0217, 0218, 0227, 0238, 0240, 0254, 0261, 0274, 0301

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Chalcedon vs. Monophysites

18

451

W

-

-

-

-

W

N

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

Oecumenius of Isauria

 

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julianus Pomerius

 

5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nestorius’ Bazaar of Heracleides

c.128

451/452

-

W

-

W

-

W

W

-

-

P

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quodvultdeus

 

453

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julian of Eclanum, Italy (Pelagian)

 

c.454

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodoret of Cyrus (bishop & historian)

318

423-458

 

W

 

 

W

W

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Many Christians killed in Persia, Armenia

420-460

After Bishop Abdas burned a Zoroastrian temple, Christian churches burned.

Isaac of Antioch (Monoph. or Orthodox?)

 

451-460

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arnobius the Younger of Gaul

 

c.460

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Patrick of Ireland (English missionary to Irish)

15

420-461

W

 

 

 

 

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pope Leo I of Rome (turned back Attila)

204

440-461

 

W

 

 

 

W

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prosper of Aquitaine (foe of Cassian) -partial

c.12

426-465

 

 

 

 

 

W

-

W

-

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hidatius/Igacius of Gallaecia (Portugal)

 

c.401-c.469

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sharahb’il Yakuf kills Ethiopian Christians

c.472

Christian missionary Azqir among those killed.

Varimadum

 

445/480

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What has been called the Athanasian Creed

1

447/484

W

W

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vigilius of Africa and Thrace

 

after 484

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arians persecute Christians in Algeria

484

Arian Visigoth Hunneric persecutes Orthodox Christians in Tipasa, Algeria.

Victor of Vita, Africa

 

after 489

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gennadius/Jerome Lives of Illustrious Men

41

480-495

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Local Synod of Constantinople

 

499

Condemns Diodore as Nestorian

Life of Abercius

 

300-500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ephraemi Rescriptus

400-500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustus of Riez

 

490/500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andreas Caesariensis (historian)

 

c.500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pseudo-Gregory Thaumaturgus (Monophysite)

 

-c.500

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eugenius of Carthage (quotes 1 Jn 5:7)

 

c.505

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Armenian Apostolic Church 1st Council of Dvin 20 bishops, 14 laymen, and various rulers

 

506

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philoxenian Syriac

507/508

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monophysite Synod of Tyre rejects Chalcedon

513-515

 

Ruricus/Ruricius I of Limoges

 

ca.485-c.510

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roman pope excommunicates Acacius/east churches

484-518

 

Ennodus

 

ca.473-521

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob of Serug/Sarug (Mar Jacob) (partial)

9

519-521

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

Arians persecute Christians in N. Africa

499-523

Visigoth Thrasimund persecutes Orthodox in Carthage & north Africa until he died.

Dhu Nuwas (=Yusuf As'ar) kills C's in Yemen

523-524

Converted Jewish king persecutes Christians, since Byzantines persecute Jews

Barsanuphius of Palestine

 

c.525

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boethius

 

-ca.524/527

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite

 

c.485-c.528

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Orange

 

529

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boniface II Letter to Caesarius of Arles

 

530-532

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fulgentius of Ruspe, North Africa

 

507-532/533

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

Severus of Antioch (Monophysite)

 

c.491-538

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benedict of Nursia Rule of St. Benedict

 

ca.480-540

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caesarius of Arles, pupil of Julianus

 

469-470-540

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ferrancus deacon of Carthage

 

c.546/547

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julian of Halicarnassus starts the Phantasiastes sect

527-549

Phantasiastes split from Monophysites, saying the Christ's body was incorruptible

Evagrius Scholasticus, church historian

 

593

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mark the Hermit of Tarsus

 

6th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leontius of Byzantium

 

543/550

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apringius of Beja, Portugal, Comm. on Rev.

 

after 551

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primasius Comm. on the Apocalypse

 

after 552

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Constantinople II (c.153 present) condemns Nestorius, Origen & admirers

13

553

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

Vigilius’ letter to Constantinople II Council

2

553

-

-

-

-

-

W

N

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7th Persian Synod

554

Creates metropolitans for Merv and Rewardashir

Armenian Apostolic Church 2nd Council of Dvin. Rejected Chalcedon

 

554

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paschasius of Dumiun

c.13

555

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyril of Scythopolis, Palestine (monk)

 

543-558/559

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Victor of Tunis

 

after 566

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gildas the Wise of Rhuys (England & Ireland )

 

c.570

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facundus of Hermiane, north Africa

 

after 571

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Byzantines persecute Egyptian Copts

527-568, 572

Copts are Monophysites; teaching Jesus’ humanity & divinity are only one nature.

Martin of Braga, Spain

c.24

550-577

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M. Aurelius Cassiodorus Commentary on Psalms

 

-560/580

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monophy. John of Ephesus (tortured pagans)

 

c.507-c.586

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columba of Iona, Scotland (poetry in Latin)

 

ca.597

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leander of Seville, Spain

c.13

579-600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Rome, Doctor of the Church (partial)

239 ½

590-605

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eulogius of Alexandria

 

607

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Venantius’ Poem on Easter

1 ½

lived c.530-609

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

Armenian Apostolic Church 3rd Council of Dvin

 

609-610

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antiochus Mar Saba

 

614

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harclean Syriac (Harklensis) (SyrH)

616

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Second Synod of Seville, Spain

 

618/619

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gospel of pseudo-Matthew

15

600-625

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

W

-

-

Babai the Nestorian On the Union

 

died ca.628

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jews persecuted in Constantinople

628

Jews forced to convert  in Constantinople

4th Council of Toledo, Spain

 

Dec. 633

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muslim Jihads against non-Muslims

634-

Muslims invaded Syria to France, Persia to India

Isidore of Seville, scholar Etymologiae

 

601-636

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monothelite-leaning Pope Honorius of Rome

 

625-638

Anathematized as a heretic by 3rd Council of Constantinople in 680.

Sahdone/Sahdona (=Martyrius) (On Psalms)

 

c.635-640

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andreas

 

7th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pseudo-Athanasius

 

7th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Constantine of Mananalis, started Paulicans

 

mid 7th cent.

Also called Euchites, they were ascetic, vegetarian Gnostics

Peshita (SyrP)

600/650

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p31, p34, 096, 097, 098, 099, 0102, 0106/0119, 0107, 0108, 0109, 0111, 0145, 0167, 0183, 0204, 0209, 0210, 0239, 0262, 0275

7th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0303

7th century?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Braulio of Saragossa Life of St. Aemilianus

 

631-651

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Climacus (John of the Ladder)

 

before 670

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monothelites

 

633-680

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pope Agatho to the 3rd Council of Constant.

6.5

Nov 15, 680

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3rd Council of Constantinople (6th ecumenical)

8

680-681

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Isaac of Nineveh (=the Syrian) (Nestorian) ascetic wrote on the inner life

 

c.700/7th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Avenging of the Savior (Legend of Veronica)

4

7/8th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anastasius of Antioch

 

700

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Judaism outlawed in Constantinople

722

Judaism illegal in the capital

Bede the Venerable, English historian. Finished translating John on his deathbed in 735.

 

731-735

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrew of Crete, hymn writer

 

712-726/740

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John of Damascus

 

706-749

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L(e)

8th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p42, 095, 0101, 0126, 0127, 0146, 0148, 0161, 0229, 0234, 0238

8th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John the Elder of Mt. Qardu, N. Iraq (monk)

 

8th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Uighurs convert from Nestorianism to Manichaeism

762

In central Asia/western China, Uighurs abandon Nestorian Christian roots.

2nd Council of Nicea

 

787

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beatus

 

798

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0279, 0298

8/9th century