Nicea to Ephesus Teaching on the Holy Spirit Grid – Nov. 2017 version

THE HOLY SPIRIT

 

Legend for Cells

H1. Mention of the Holy Spirit  Lk 1:67; 3:22; Jn 1:34

H11. The power of the Holy Spirit 1 Cor 2:4

W = Wrote explicitly on this teaching

H2. The Holy Spirit is God  Acts 5:3-5; 1 Jn 4:12-16

H12. Holy Spirit called Spirit of truth Jn 14:17;16:13

I = Implied this is true or opposite is false

H3. Person of the Holy Spirit Acts 5:3-5; 15:28

H13. Holy Spirit taught us Jn 14:26; 16:13

N = Implied since accepted Nicene Creed

H4. Glorify/worship the Holy Spirit -

H14. Comforter/Holy Spirit comforts us Jn14:15-27

m = Mixed: some agree, others did not

H5. Christ born of Mary by the Holy Spirit Lk 1:35

H15. The Holy Spirit is a gift Acts 2:38

P = Partial

H6. Paraclete/Holy Spirit already present.1Cor12:13

H16. Fruit of the Spirit Gal 5:22

H7. Baptized/washed with the Holy Spirit 1Cor12:13

H17. Holy Spirit gives gifts 1 Cor 12:11

- = no reference found

H8. The Holy Spirit seals believers Eph 1:13-14

H18. Life/Live in the Spirit Gal 5:16

X = Disagree

H9. Filled with the Holy Spirit  Acts 9:17; Eph 5:18

H19. Sevenfold Spirit or seven spirits Rev 1:4;4:5;5:6

blank = not researched yet

H10. Holy Spirit came down at Pentecost   Acts 2

H20. Blasphemy against Holy Spirit Mk 3:29; Lk 12:10

Writer totals include all symbols except P’s

Rows: blue=Bible manuscript, khaki=spurious, green=heresy, orange=schism, pink=strange writer, red=Christians persecuted, purple=Catholics persecute, brown=other Christians persecute

Christian writer, heretic, or manuscript

Pages

Date A.D.

H1

H2

H3

H4

H5

H6

H7

H8

H9

H10

H11

H12

H13

H14

H15

H16

H17

H18

H19

H20

Council of Nicea I vs. Arians (c.318 bishops)

3

May-Jun 325

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Persian king Shapur II persecutes Christians

315,325-381

Persian Christians double-taxed after Constantine became a Christian. Violent persecution after 325. In Mesopotamia alone 1,150 Christians killed

Persian Shapur II attacks Christian Lakhmid Arabs

325

In retaliation for prior raids into Persia, 60,000 soldiers kill everyone in al-Hera.

Private Creed of Arius (for Constantine to restore him)

¼

328

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juvencus (wrote a commentary: The Gospels)

 

329

W

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

 

Eustathius of Antioch (against Origen)

< 1/4

323-337

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eusebius of Caesarea (leader at Nicea)

c.404

318-339/340

W

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Marcellus of Ancyra (Trinity only for a time)

 

c.336 & 340

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synod of Antioch in Encaeniis (97 bishops)

3 ½

summer 341

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Asterius the Sophist (Arian)

 

-c.341

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mild Arian Creed of Antioch

1

c.341-344

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Sardica (Greek) (church discipline)

5

343/344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aphrahat/Aphraates, Select Demonstrations

67 ¼

337-345

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Macrostich Creed

2

344/345

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius of Rome (supported Athanasius)

9

339 & 346

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Firmicus Maternus On the Error of Profane Religions. God rewards persecuting pagans

26

346/348

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Poem on the Passion of the Lord

1

315-350

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

pseudo-Clement Two Epistles on Virginity. 1 & 2

5¾ + 5

3rd century

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mandaean writings (said Jesus a false prophet)

3.5

>350?

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Vaticanus (B) Most OT, all NT toHeb9:15.6,979 verses

325-350

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

 

W

Sinaiticus (Aleph) Almost all of NT ½ of OT (No Ex, Lev)

340-350

W

W

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

W

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p25 Mt 18:32-34; 19:1-3,5-7,9f (8.5 verses)

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p62 Mt 11:25-30 (6 verses)

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p86 Mt 5; p88 Mk 2; p89 Heb 6

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p120 Jn 1; p123 1 Cor 14-15

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p126 Heb 13:12-13:19-20

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p8+p10+p71 29+7+4 verses

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

058, 0169, 0185, 0188, 0242

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vercelli (Latin a)

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amon

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apostolic Canons

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyrillones Syriac poet Six Hymns

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustus of Milevis (Manichaean)

 

4th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hegemonius of Sirmium Acts of Archelaus (Disputation with Manes)

58.75

4th century

W

I

W

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

Philo of Carpasia, Cyprus

 

4th century

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1st Council of Sirmium (Greek creed)

1 ½

351

W

-

W

-

-

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

Julius I of Rome. said Marcellus was Trinitarian

 

352

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ammonas (Origenist, a founder of monasticism)

 

340-348/353

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Heraclea

 

355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Arminium, Nicene/Arian compromise

Athanasius against all councils after Nicea

½

355

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4th Council of Sirmium

357

Father neither the same nor similar substance as the Son, but greater than the Son

Synod of Seleucia in Isauria (160 bishops)

1/5

357/348

W

-

W

-

P

-

-

-

-

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eusebius of Emesa

 

c.359

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

King Ezana of Aksum becomes a Christian

 

c.325-360

King of Ethiopia, Sudan, and parts of Egypt and Yemen

Sacramentary of Serapion of Thmuis (supporter of Athanasius and anti-Origenist)

 

c.333/360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Potamius of Lisbon, Portugal

 

c.350-360

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jews forbidden to set foot in Jerusalem

325-361

Constantine forbids Jews to be in Jerusalem. Julian later rescinds this decree.

Arian Roman Emperor Constantius

337-353-361

Orthodox bishops were banished, and Athanasius had to go into hiding.

Arian Creed of Nica in Thrace

 

356-361

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Life of Antony (possibly by Athanasius)

26.5

356-362

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

-

 

 

-

-

Arian Candidus’ Two Letters to Marius

c.4

359-362

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marius’s Reply to Candidus (partial)

c.8

359-362

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nemesius of Emesa, Phoenicia

 

Late 4th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Julian the Apostate again makes paganism the official Roman religion

361-363

Roman emperor Julian tries to restore paganism until he dies in battle against the Persians. Valentinian becomes emperor in the west, Arian Valens in the east.

Christians killed in Alexandria and Gaza

361-363

Emperor Julian shows some toleration, yet permits persecution of Christians.

Arian Acacius of Caesarea (like Eusebius of Caesarea, against Cyril of Jerusalem)

 

366

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hilary of Poitiers (taught Martin of Tours)

226.5

355-367/368

W

-

W

-

W

-

W

-

-

-

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore of Tabennesi

 

died 368

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synopsis Scripturae Sacrae

 

350-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cheltenham Canon (-Mommsen Catalogue)

0.25

ca.360-370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arian Roman Valens kills Christians in east

370

Valens is finally killed in battle by the Goths, who had converted to Arianism.

Messalians (Adelphius & Alexander the Sleepless)

370-1231

Nothing matters except prayer, which became their idol. Condemned at Ephesus.

Eusebius of Vercelli (persecuted by Arians)

 

c.345-370/371

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanasius of Alexandria (partial)

412

325-373

W

W

W

-

W

W

P

 

W

P

-

-

-

W

P

W

-

-

-

W

Optatus of Milevis (converted by Augustine)

 

364-375

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Athanaric persecutes Orthodox Visigoths

369-376

After converting to Arianism, Athanaric persecuted Orthodox Christians.

Titus of Bostra

 

before 378

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ephraim/Ephrem, Syrian hymn-writer (partial)

162

350-378

W

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

Felix II replaces banished Roman bishop Liberius

354-365

Liberius banished by Constantius II for refusing to condemn Athanasius.

Fighting: Damasus I vs. Ursinus as Roman bishp

366-378

Emperor sends in troops to stop the fighting. 137 of Ursinus' followers killed.

Macedonius, Pneumatomachian patriarch of Constantinople

342-379

Expelled and tortured Novatianist and Orthodox Christians in Greece and the Balkans. Dug up the corpse of Constantine I.

Macrina, younger sister of Basil/Greg. Nyssa

 

c.327-379

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basil of Cappadocia (Origenist) (partial)

326

357-378/379

W

W

 

 

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

W

Zeno of Verona (90 sermons)

 

362-380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shapur II persecutes Christians in Persia

380

Heliodorus, Dosa, Ia, and 8K-9K others killed

Apostolic Constitutions

 

c.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orsiesius/Orsisius of Tabenna

 

c.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Faustinus of Rome, Luciferian, On the Trinity

 

ca.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Filastrius Against All Heresies

 

ca.380

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Synod of Laodicea (in Phrygia) (undisputed)

4.5

343-381

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Gangra -vs. Eustastius of Sabaste

1 1/3

345-381

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Meletius of Antioch (taught Diodore)

 

381

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Council of Constantinople -150 bishops

3.75

381-382

W

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Council of Rome under Damasus I

 

382

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eunomius of Cyzicus (extreme Arian)

c.8

360-c.383

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bachiarius Liber de Fide

 

ca.383

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ambrosiaster (Latin)

 

c.384

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philastrius of Brescia Catalog of Heresies

 

c.384/381-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob of Nisibis

 

305-385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Elvira, Spain

 

359-385

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonian and Priscillian Heresies

c.383, 385

Macedonians denied H.S. a being. Priscillian denied Jesus God. killed 385 A.D.

Cyril of Jerusalem (at Council of Constant.)

154

c.349-386

W

W

W

W

 

W

W

W

W

W

W

 

W

-

W

W

W

W

W

P

Damasus I of Rome (against Nica Creed)

2

c.386-389/384

W

W

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Christians burn down Valentinian Gnostic chapel

388

At the Byzantine outpost of Callinicum in Iraq

Ambrose of Milan (partial, Against Arianism)

446.25

370-390

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

W

 

W

 

W

 

W

 

Tyconius of Africa, On the Apocalypse (Donatist)

 

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apollinaris the Younger of Laodicea (former friend of Basil, later denied Jesus had a soul)

 

died 390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marcian

 

390

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Nazianzen (leader at Constant.)

275

330-391

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

Pacian of Barcelona

c.23

342-379/392

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

W

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Fortunatus

 

392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phoebadius

 

after 392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diodore of Tarsus

 

before 392

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Council of Constantinople, under Nectarius

1

394

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macedonians (=Pneumatomachians) deny the Holy Spirit is a distinct being.

 

342-395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emperor Theodosius I persecutes Jews, Arians, & Macedonians (=Pneumatomachians)

379-395

 

Ausonius

 

395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gregory of Nyssa (Origenist)

495

c.356-397

W

 

W

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

W

W

 

 

 

 

Philastrius of Brescia (disputed with heretics)

 

381-397

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Didymus the Blind (Origenist)

 

398

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

Luciferian schism (Lucifer of Cagliari,Sardinia)

 

361-c.399

Orthodox beliefs except wouldn’t accept back repentant Arian/Semi-Arian clergy

Evagrius of Pontus (Origenist)

88

345-399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p50+ p51 13+15 verses

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Siricius (first to be called Pope in Rome)

 

c.384-399

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epitaph of Pectorius

0.125

100-400

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Syriac Book of Steps (Liber Graduum)

c.189

350-400

W

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Syriac Doctrine of Addai

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Council of Toledo, Spain

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p85 Rev 9-10, p82 Lk 7

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p19 Mt 10-11

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p50 Acts 8,10; p51 Gal 1 (13, 15 verses)

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p117 2 Cor 7; p122 Jn 21

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p21 Mt 12:24-26,32f (8 verses)

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p57 Acts4:36-5:2; 5:8-10 (7 verses)

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

p135 Gal 3:21-22,28-29; 4:31-5:6; 5:10-15

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Freer Gospels (W)

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Codex Bobiensis (Latin k) Mt 1:1-15:36, Mk, Lk, Jn

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fastidus (Britain)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hyperechius (Mt, etc.)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Macarius/Symeon (Mt, etc.)

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Timothy of Alexandria

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximinus

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maximus of Turin

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Petilian/Petilianus, Donatist bishop

 

4/5th century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nonnus (Gospel of John paraphrase)

 

early 5th cent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Epiphanius of Salamis (wrote on 80 heresies)

 

360-403

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amphilochius of Iconium (against Pneumatomachians)

 

c.345-398/404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flavian of Antioch

 

404

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prudentius, poet of Tarraconensis, Spain

 

before 405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pope Innocent I of Rome

 

ca.405

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rufinus, translator and historian (Origenist)

88

374-406

W

W

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gaudentius of Brescia (Donatist, 21 sermons)

 

after 406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mesrop Mashtotz translates the Bible into Armenian

after 406

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theotimus

 

407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Chrysostom (partial)

~3000

-407

W

W

W

W

W

I

W

W

W

W

W

 

 

 

W

W

 

 

 

W

Chromatius of Aquileia

 

407

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severian of Gabala/Jableh (Chrysostom's foe)

150+

398-408

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asterius of Amasea

 

c.410

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st Nestorian Synod of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

410

Called by bishop Mar Isaac. Affirmed the Nicene Creed. Said the bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon on par with Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, & Rome.

Violent persecution of Donatists

411

Augustine protested the harshness of the Emperor’s persecution.

Theophilus of Alexandria

 

412